# Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, Global Edition

Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, Global Edition

Geankoplis, Christie

Pearson Education Limited

03/2024

Mole

Inglês

9781292445915

Pré-lançamento - envio 15 a 20 dias após a sua edição

Introduction to Engineering Principles and Units

Chapter Objectives

Classification of Transport Processes and Separation Processes (Unit Operations)

SI System of Basic Units Used in This Text and Other Systems

Methods of Expressing Temperatures and Compositions

Gas Laws and Vapor Pressure

Conservation of Mass and Material Balances

Energy and Heat Units

Conservation of Energy and Heat Balances

Numerical Methods for Integration

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Fluids and Fluid Statics

Chapter Objectives

Introduction

Fluid Statics

Chapter Summary

Fluid Properties and Fluid Flows

Chapter Objectives

Viscosity of Fluids

Types of Fluid Flow and Reynolds Number

Chapter Summary

Overall Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances

Chapter Objectives

Overall Mass Balance and Continuity Equation

Overall Energy Balance

Overall Momentum Balance

Shell Momentum Balance and Velocity Profile in Laminar Flow

Chapter Summary

Incompressible and Compressible Flows in Pipes

Chapter Objectives

Design Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Flow in Pipes

Compressible Flow of Gases

Measuring the Flow of Fluids

Chapter Summary

Flows in Packed and Fluidized Beds

Chapter Objectives

Flow Past Immersed Objects

Flow in Packed Beds

Flow in Fluidized Beds

Chapter Summary

Pumps, Compressors, and Agitation Equipment

Chapter Objectives

Pumps and Gas-Moving Equipment

Agitation, Mixing of Fluids, and Power Requirements

Chapter Summary

Differential Equations of Fluid Flow

Chapter Objectives

Differential Equations of Continuity

Differential Equations of Momentum Transfer or Motion

Use of Differential Equations of Continuity and Motion

Chapter Summary

Non-Newtonian Fluids

Chapter Objectives

Non-Newtonian Fluids

Friction Losses for Non-Newtonian Fluids

Velocity Profiles for Non-Newtonian Fluids

Determination of Flow Properties of Non-Newtonian Fluids Using a Rotational Viscometer

Power Requirements in Agitation and Mixing of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Chapter Summary

Potential Flow and Creeping Flow

Chapter Objectives

Other Methods for Solution of Differential Equations of Motion

Stream Function

Differential Equations of Motion for Ideal Fluids (Inviscid Flow)

Potential Flow and Velocity Potential

Differential Equations of Motion for Creeping Flow

Chapter Summary

Boundary-Layer and Turbulent Flow

Chapter Objectives

Boundary-Layer Flow

Turbulent Flow

Turbulent Boundary-Layer Analysis

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Heat Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Energy and Heat Units

Conservation of Energy and Heat Balances

Conduction and Thermal Conductivity

Convection

Radiation

Heat Transfer with Multiple Mechanisms/Materials

Chapter Summary

Steady-State Conduction

Chapter Objectives

Conduction Heat Transfer

Conduction Through Solids in Series or Parallel with Convection

Conduction with Internal Heat Generation

Steady-State Conduction in Two Dimensions Using Shape Factors

Numerical Methods for Steady-State Conduction in Two Dimensions

Chapter Summary

Principles of Unsteady-State Heat Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Derivation of the Basic Equation

Simplified Case for Systems with Negligible Internal Resistance

Unsteady-State Heat Conduction in Various Geometries

Numerical Finite-Difference Methods for Unsteady-State Conduction

Chilling and Freezing of Food and Biological Materials

Differential Equation of Energy Change

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Convection

Chapter Objectives

Introduction and Dimensional Analysis in Heat Transfer

Boundary-Layer Flow and Turbulence in Heat Transfer

Forced Convection Heat Transfer Inside Pipes

Heat Transfer Outside Various Geometries in Forced Convection

Natural Convection Heat Transfer

Boiling and Condensation

Heat Transfer of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Special Heat-Transfer Coefficients

Chapter Summary

Heat Exchangers

Chapter Objectives

Types of Exchangers

Log-Mean-Temperature-Difference Correction Factors

Heat-Exchanger Effectiveness

Fouling Factors and Typical Overall U Values

Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger

Chapter Summary

Heat Exchangers

Chapter Objectives

Types of Exchangers

Log-Mean-Temperature-Difference Correction Factors

Heat-Exchanger Effectiveness

Fouling Factors and Typical Overall U Values

Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Radiation Heat Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Radiation Heat-Transfer Concepts

Basic and Advanced Radiation Heat-Transfer Principles

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Mass Transfer and Diffusion

Diffusion Coefficient

Convective Mass Transfer

Molecular Diffusion Plus Convection and Chemical Reaction

Chapter Summary

Steady-State Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Molecular Diffusion in Gases

Molecular Diffusion in Liquids

Molecular Diffusion in Solids

Diffusion of Gases in Porous Solids and Capillaries

Diffusion in Biological Gels

Special Cases of the General Diffusion Equation at Steady State

Numerical Methods for Steady-State Molecular Diffusion in Two Dimensions

Chapter Summary

Unsteady-State Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Unsteady-State Diffusion

Unsteady-State Diffusion and Reaction in a Semi-Infinite Medium

Numerical Methods for Unsteady-State Molecular Diffusion

Chapter Summary

Convective Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Convective Mass Transfer

Dimensional Analysis in Mass Transfer

Mass-Transfer Coefficients for Various Geometries

Mass Transfer to Suspensions of Small Particles

Models for Mass-Transfer Coefficients

Chapter Summary

Part 2: Separation Process Principles

Absorption and Stripping

Chapter Objectives

Equilibrium and Mass Transfer Between Phases

Introduction to Absorption

Pressure Drop and Flooding in Packed Towers

Design of Plate Absorption Towers

Design of Packed Towers for Absorption

Efficiency of Random-Packed and Structured Packed Towers

Absorption of Concentrated Mixtures in Packed Towers

Estimation of Mass-Transfer Coefficients for Packed Towers

Heat Effects and Temperature Variations in Absorption

Chapter Summary

Humidification Processes

Chapter Objectives

Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity

Introduction and Types of Equipment for Humidification

Theory and Calculations for Cooling-Water Towers

Chapter Summary

Filtration and Membrane Separation Processes (Liquid-Liquid or Solid-Liquid Phase)

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Dead-End Filtration

Basic Theory of Filtration

Membrane Separations

Microfiltration Membrane Processes

Ultrafiltration Membrane Processes

Reverse-Osmosis Membrane Processes

Dialysis

Chapter Summary

Gaseous Membrane Systems

Chapter Objectives

Gas Permeation

Complete-Mixing Model for Gas Separation by Membranes

Complete-Mixing Model for Multicomponent Mixtures

Cross-Flow Model for Gas Separation by Membranes

Derivation of Equations for Countercurrent and Cocurrent Flow for Gas Separation by Membranes

Derivation of Finite-Difference Numerical Method for Asymmetric Membranes

Chapter Summary

Distillation

Chapter Objectives

Equilibrium Relations Between Phases

Single and Multiple Equilibrium Contact Stages

Simple Distillation Methods

Binary Distillation with Reflux Using the McCabe-Thiele and Lewis Methods

Tray Efficiencies

Flooding Velocity and Diameter of Tray Towers Plus Simple Calculations for Reboiler and Condenser Duties

Fractional Distillation Using the Enthalpy-Concentration Method

Distillation of Multicomponent Mixtures

Chapter Summary

Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Single-Stage Equilibrium Extraction

Types of Equipment and Design for Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Continuous Multistage Countercurrent Extraction

Chapter Summary

Adsorption and Ion Exchange

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Adsorption Processes

Batch Adsorption

Design of Fixed-Bed Adsorption Columns

Ion-Exchange Processes

Chapter Summary

Crystallization and Particle Size Reduction

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Crystallization

Crystallization Theory

Mechanical Size Reduction

Chapter Summary

Settling, Sedimentation, and Centrifugation

Chapter Objectives

Settling and Sedimentation in Particle-Fluid Separation

Centrifugal Separation Processes

Chapter Summary

Leaching

Chapter Objectives

Introduction and Equipment for Liquid-Solid Leaching

Equilibrium Relations and Single-Stage Leaching

Countercurrent Multistage Leaching

Chapter Summary

Evaporation

Chapter Objectives

Introduction

Types of Evaporation Equipment and Operation Methods

Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficients in Evaporators

Calculation Methods for Single-Effect Evaporators

Calculation Methods for Multiple-Effect Evaporators

Condensers for Evaporators

Evaporation of Biological Materials

Evaporation Using Vapor Recompression

Chapter Summary

Drying

Chapter Objectives

Introduction and Methods of Drying

Equipment for Drying

Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity

Equilibrium Moisture Content of Materials

Rate-of-Drying Curves

Calculation Methods for a Constant-Rate Drying Period

Calculation Methods for the Falling-Rate Drying Period

Combined Convection, Radiation, and Conduction Heat Transfer in the Constant-Rate Period

Drying in the Falling-Rate Period by Diffusion and Capillary Flow

Equations for Various Types of Dryers

Freeze-Drying of Biological Materials

Unsteady-State Thermal Processing and Sterilization of Biological Materials

Chapter Summary

Part 3: Appendixes

Appendix A.1 Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors

Appendix A.2 Physical Properties of Water

Appendix A.3 Physical Properties of Inorganic and Organic Compounds

Appendix A.4 Physical Properties of Foods and Biological Materials

Appendix A.5 Properties of Pipes, Tubes, and Screens

Appendix A.6 Lennard-Jones Potentials as Determined from Viscosity Data

Notation

Index

**Este título pertence ao(s) assunto(s) indicados(s). Para ver outros títulos clique no assunto desejado.**

Introduction to Engineering Principles and Units

Chapter Objectives

Classification of Transport Processes and Separation Processes (Unit Operations)

SI System of Basic Units Used in This Text and Other Systems

Methods of Expressing Temperatures and Compositions

Gas Laws and Vapor Pressure

Conservation of Mass and Material Balances

Energy and Heat Units

Conservation of Energy and Heat Balances

Numerical Methods for Integration

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Fluids and Fluid Statics

Chapter Objectives

Introduction

Fluid Statics

Chapter Summary

Fluid Properties and Fluid Flows

Chapter Objectives

Viscosity of Fluids

Types of Fluid Flow and Reynolds Number

Chapter Summary

Overall Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances

Chapter Objectives

Overall Mass Balance and Continuity Equation

Overall Energy Balance

Overall Momentum Balance

Shell Momentum Balance and Velocity Profile in Laminar Flow

Chapter Summary

Incompressible and Compressible Flows in Pipes

Chapter Objectives

Design Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Flow in Pipes

Compressible Flow of Gases

Measuring the Flow of Fluids

Chapter Summary

Flows in Packed and Fluidized Beds

Chapter Objectives

Flow Past Immersed Objects

Flow in Packed Beds

Flow in Fluidized Beds

Chapter Summary

Pumps, Compressors, and Agitation Equipment

Chapter Objectives

Pumps and Gas-Moving Equipment

Agitation, Mixing of Fluids, and Power Requirements

Chapter Summary

Differential Equations of Fluid Flow

Chapter Objectives

Differential Equations of Continuity

Differential Equations of Momentum Transfer or Motion

Use of Differential Equations of Continuity and Motion

Chapter Summary

Non-Newtonian Fluids

Chapter Objectives

Non-Newtonian Fluids

Friction Losses for Non-Newtonian Fluids

Velocity Profiles for Non-Newtonian Fluids

Determination of Flow Properties of Non-Newtonian Fluids Using a Rotational Viscometer

Power Requirements in Agitation and Mixing of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Chapter Summary

Potential Flow and Creeping Flow

Chapter Objectives

Other Methods for Solution of Differential Equations of Motion

Stream Function

Differential Equations of Motion for Ideal Fluids (Inviscid Flow)

Potential Flow and Velocity Potential

Differential Equations of Motion for Creeping Flow

Chapter Summary

Boundary-Layer and Turbulent Flow

Chapter Objectives

Boundary-Layer Flow

Turbulent Flow

Turbulent Boundary-Layer Analysis

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Heat Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Energy and Heat Units

Conservation of Energy and Heat Balances

Conduction and Thermal Conductivity

Convection

Radiation

Heat Transfer with Multiple Mechanisms/Materials

Chapter Summary

Steady-State Conduction

Chapter Objectives

Conduction Heat Transfer

Conduction Through Solids in Series or Parallel with Convection

Conduction with Internal Heat Generation

Steady-State Conduction in Two Dimensions Using Shape Factors

Numerical Methods for Steady-State Conduction in Two Dimensions

Chapter Summary

Principles of Unsteady-State Heat Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Derivation of the Basic Equation

Simplified Case for Systems with Negligible Internal Resistance

Unsteady-State Heat Conduction in Various Geometries

Numerical Finite-Difference Methods for Unsteady-State Conduction

Chilling and Freezing of Food and Biological Materials

Differential Equation of Energy Change

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Convection

Chapter Objectives

Introduction and Dimensional Analysis in Heat Transfer

Boundary-Layer Flow and Turbulence in Heat Transfer

Forced Convection Heat Transfer Inside Pipes

Heat Transfer Outside Various Geometries in Forced Convection

Natural Convection Heat Transfer

Boiling and Condensation

Heat Transfer of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Special Heat-Transfer Coefficients

Chapter Summary

Heat Exchangers

Chapter Objectives

Types of Exchangers

Log-Mean-Temperature-Difference Correction Factors

Heat-Exchanger Effectiveness

Fouling Factors and Typical Overall U Values

Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger

Chapter Summary

Heat Exchangers

Chapter Objectives

Types of Exchangers

Log-Mean-Temperature-Difference Correction Factors

Heat-Exchanger Effectiveness

Fouling Factors and Typical Overall U Values

Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Radiation Heat Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Radiation Heat-Transfer Concepts

Basic and Advanced Radiation Heat-Transfer Principles

Chapter Summary

Introduction to Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Mass Transfer and Diffusion

Diffusion Coefficient

Convective Mass Transfer

Molecular Diffusion Plus Convection and Chemical Reaction

Chapter Summary

Steady-State Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Molecular Diffusion in Gases

Molecular Diffusion in Liquids

Molecular Diffusion in Solids

Diffusion of Gases in Porous Solids and Capillaries

Diffusion in Biological Gels

Special Cases of the General Diffusion Equation at Steady State

Numerical Methods for Steady-State Molecular Diffusion in Two Dimensions

Chapter Summary

Unsteady-State Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Unsteady-State Diffusion

Unsteady-State Diffusion and Reaction in a Semi-Infinite Medium

Numerical Methods for Unsteady-State Molecular Diffusion

Chapter Summary

Convective Mass Transfer

Chapter Objectives

Convective Mass Transfer

Dimensional Analysis in Mass Transfer

Mass-Transfer Coefficients for Various Geometries

Mass Transfer to Suspensions of Small Particles

Models for Mass-Transfer Coefficients

Chapter Summary

Part 2: Separation Process Principles

Absorption and Stripping

Chapter Objectives

Equilibrium and Mass Transfer Between Phases

Introduction to Absorption

Pressure Drop and Flooding in Packed Towers

Design of Plate Absorption Towers

Design of Packed Towers for Absorption

Efficiency of Random-Packed and Structured Packed Towers

Absorption of Concentrated Mixtures in Packed Towers

Estimation of Mass-Transfer Coefficients for Packed Towers

Heat Effects and Temperature Variations in Absorption

Chapter Summary

Humidification Processes

Chapter Objectives

Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity

Introduction and Types of Equipment for Humidification

Theory and Calculations for Cooling-Water Towers

Chapter Summary

Filtration and Membrane Separation Processes (Liquid-Liquid or Solid-Liquid Phase)

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Dead-End Filtration

Basic Theory of Filtration

Membrane Separations

Microfiltration Membrane Processes

Ultrafiltration Membrane Processes

Reverse-Osmosis Membrane Processes

Dialysis

Chapter Summary

Gaseous Membrane Systems

Chapter Objectives

Gas Permeation

Complete-Mixing Model for Gas Separation by Membranes

Complete-Mixing Model for Multicomponent Mixtures

Cross-Flow Model for Gas Separation by Membranes

Derivation of Equations for Countercurrent and Cocurrent Flow for Gas Separation by Membranes

Derivation of Finite-Difference Numerical Method for Asymmetric Membranes

Chapter Summary

Distillation

Chapter Objectives

Equilibrium Relations Between Phases

Single and Multiple Equilibrium Contact Stages

Simple Distillation Methods

Binary Distillation with Reflux Using the McCabe-Thiele and Lewis Methods

Tray Efficiencies

Flooding Velocity and Diameter of Tray Towers Plus Simple Calculations for Reboiler and Condenser Duties

Fractional Distillation Using the Enthalpy-Concentration Method

Distillation of Multicomponent Mixtures

Chapter Summary

Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Single-Stage Equilibrium Extraction

Types of Equipment and Design for Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Continuous Multistage Countercurrent Extraction

Chapter Summary

Adsorption and Ion Exchange

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Adsorption Processes

Batch Adsorption

Design of Fixed-Bed Adsorption Columns

Ion-Exchange Processes

Chapter Summary

Crystallization and Particle Size Reduction

Chapter Objectives

Introduction to Crystallization

Crystallization Theory

Mechanical Size Reduction

Chapter Summary

Settling, Sedimentation, and Centrifugation

Chapter Objectives

Settling and Sedimentation in Particle-Fluid Separation

Centrifugal Separation Processes

Chapter Summary

Leaching

Chapter Objectives

Introduction and Equipment for Liquid-Solid Leaching

Equilibrium Relations and Single-Stage Leaching

Countercurrent Multistage Leaching

Chapter Summary

Evaporation

Chapter Objectives

Introduction

Types of Evaporation Equipment and Operation Methods

Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficients in Evaporators

Calculation Methods for Single-Effect Evaporators

Calculation Methods for Multiple-Effect Evaporators

Condensers for Evaporators

Evaporation of Biological Materials

Evaporation Using Vapor Recompression

Chapter Summary

Drying

Chapter Objectives

Introduction and Methods of Drying

Equipment for Drying

Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity

Equilibrium Moisture Content of Materials

Rate-of-Drying Curves

Calculation Methods for a Constant-Rate Drying Period

Calculation Methods for the Falling-Rate Drying Period

Combined Convection, Radiation, and Conduction Heat Transfer in the Constant-Rate Period

Drying in the Falling-Rate Period by Diffusion and Capillary Flow

Equations for Various Types of Dryers

Freeze-Drying of Biological Materials

Unsteady-State Thermal Processing and Sterilization of Biological Materials

Chapter Summary

Part 3: Appendixes

Appendix A.1 Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors

Appendix A.2 Physical Properties of Water

Appendix A.3 Physical Properties of Inorganic and Organic Compounds

Appendix A.4 Physical Properties of Foods and Biological Materials

Appendix A.5 Properties of Pipes, Tubes, and Screens

Appendix A.6 Lennard-Jones Potentials as Determined from Viscosity Data

Notation

Index

**Este título pertence ao(s) assunto(s) indicados(s). Para ver outros títulos clique no assunto desejado.**