Multiscaled PVA Bionanocomposite Films

Multiscaled PVA Bionanocomposite Films

Characterisation and Nanoscale Modelling

Mousa, Mohanad; Dong, Yu

Springer Verlag, Singapore






15 a 20 dias


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Chapter 1. Introduction


1.1.1 Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)

1.2. Nanofillers for bionanocomposites

1.2.1. Layered silicates

1.2.2 Halloysite nanotubes(HNTs)

1.2.3 Bamboo charcoals (BCs)

1.2.4 Other popular nanofillers

1.3. Processing of bionanocomposites

1.4. Properties and characterisation of bionanocomposites

1.4.1 Morphological structures

1.4.2 Mechanical properties

1.4.3 Nanomechanical properties

1.4.4. Thermal properties

1.5. Modelling approaches

1.6. Application of bionanocomposites

1.6.1. Electronic and sensor applications

1.6.2 Medical applications

1.6.3 Packaging applications

Chapter 2 Materials, methodology and characterisation techniques

2.1. Materials

2.1.1. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)

2.1.2. Nanoparticles Bamboo charcoals (BCs) Clay nanoparticles Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs)

2.2. Fabrication of PVA bionanocomposite films

2.3. Characterisation techniques

2.3.1. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis

2.3.2. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis

2.3.3. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

2.3.4. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

2.3.5. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA)

2.3.6. Mechanical testing

2.3.7. Nanomechanical characterisation

Chapter 3 PVA/BC bionancomposite films with particle size effect

3.1. BC particle analysis and characterisation

3.1.1. BC composition and surface area

3.1.2. Particle size and elastic modulus

3.1.3. FTIR and XRD analyses

3.2. Characterisation and properties of PVA/BC bionanocomposites

3.2.1. FTIR and XRD spectra

3.2.2. Mechanical properties

3.2.3. Fracture morphology

3.2.4. Thermal properties

3.2.5. Morphological structures and nanomechanical properties

Chapter 4 PVA bionanocomposite films with different particle shapes and structures

4.1. FTIR spectra

4.2. XRD patterns

4.3. Morphological structures and nanomechanical properties

4.4. Mechanical properties

4.5. Fracture morphology

4.6. Thermal properties

Chapter 5 3D interphase of PVA bionanocomposite films

5.1. Interphase properties and features

5.2. Modelling approach

5.3. Interphase modulus

5.4. Interphase dimensions

5.5. Modulus-gradient effect

5.6. 3D interphase modulus and dimensions

5.7. Particle debonding

Chapter 6 Micromechanical modelling of PVA bionanocomposite films

6.1. Modelling theory

6.1.1. Micromechanical models based on nominal and effective volume


6.1.2. Micromechanical models based on volume fractions of nanofillers and


6.1.3. Interphase volume fraction

6.2. Prediction of elastic moduli of PVA bionancomposites


Biopolymers;Layered silicates;Halloysite nanotubes(HNTs);Bamboo charcoals (BCs);Clay nanoparticles;Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA);Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC);Nanomechanical characterisation;Fracture morphology;Effective volume fractions